Why was Moscow called Moscow?

Tatyana Ionina
Tatyana Ionina
February 25, 2013
18878
Why was Moscow called Moscow?

Quite often, people think about the origin of certain city names. After all, the name of the city keeps in itself its history of occurrence. Many disputes related to the name of the cities raised the question of why Moscow was called Moscow. To date, there are several fairly interesting versions of the origin of the name of the city of Moscow. Below are some of the most plausible.

The roots of the word

The word "Moscow" consists of two roots: "mosk" - meaning "stone" and "kov" - means “to hide”. If you combine these two roots together, you get a “stone shelter”. According to this theory, the river was named "Moscow" a little later. Although many historians do not accept this version only because they believe that the name was given first to the river, and not to the city.

Translation from Finnish

According to this version, the word "Moscow" has nothing to do with the Russian language, but is an original Finnish word. This conclusion is supported by the fact that on the banks of this river once lived Finnish tribes.If you translate this word from Finnish, you get the following: “mosk” - means “cow” or “bear”, “va” - the word is translated as “water”. Again, it appears that the river was named first.

Translation from Old Slavonic

Those who wonder why the city of Moscow was called should listen to the opinion of experts in Old Slavic writing. It turns out that in translation from the Old Slavonic language the word "Moscow" means a swamp or dampness. This opinion should be heeded if only because in fact Moscow was founded on a swamp.

Name from the progenitor

If you turn to the very origins of the Slavs, you can find such a version. According to it, it turns out that the word “Moscow” appeared in the name of the capital by chance. The root of the word "mos" comes from the name of the progenitor of the ancient Slavs of the family "Mosokh", and "Kva" - on behalf of the progenitor's wife. But this version also indicates that this word was originally called the river, and only then the city. By the way, the children of Mosokh and Kwa were called Me and High School. This fact makes you even more think about the accuracy of the version. After all, the river Yauza, named after the children of the progenitor, also exists to this day.

When considering all existing versions of the origin of the name of the capital of Russia, each of them seems plausible, although so far none of the presented ones is recognized 100% reliable.



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