What is folic acid for?
Surely, many women have heard more than once about the existence of such a substance, but very few people know what invaluable benefit it can bring to the human body.
All men and women, regardless of age, need a certain set of nutrients and vitamins, most of them must be ingested daily with food, but, unfortunately, this is not always possible in the context of modern ecology and pace of life.
Folic acid is nothing but a vitamin, it belongs to group B (vitamin B9), it was renamed several times, there are other names - Bfrom, folacin or folate.
It has been scientifically proven that our body is unable to synthesize such a compound on its own, it must come to it with healthy food, although the vast majority ignore this fact, and in vain.
Why? One has only to find out which vital functions of our body are affected by folic acid, the attitude changes instantly, especially in women.And all because folic acid is an important vitamin that is simply necessary during pregnancy, as well as after it, because it specifically affects the formation of the fetus!
According to experts in this field, this is the vitamin that we lack the most, according to statistics, 60-70% of women suffer from its shortage, and the whole thing is that such a vital element is not able to accumulate in the body, its reserves are necessary top up daily.
Of course, very well, if it can be done at the expense of proper nutrition, which, by the way, is quite real, and if not? Perhaps there is a need for drugs, but you should not hurry, first things first.
Why is it necessary?
The scope of this compound is quite extensive, because folic acid is able to beneficially affect almost all important processes in the human body.
First of all, you should know that folic acid directly participates in the process of blood formation, because the synthesis of hemoglobin depends on its presence and amount in the body, it can be said that it “controls” the stable maturation of red blood cells.In order for a cell to successfully enter the division process, successful DNA doubling is necessary, in which vitamin B9, again, is simply indispensable.
In addition, this compound is also necessary for the synthesis of amino acids, RNA, and also contributes to improved absorption of iron. It is not hard to guess that if all these processes cannot fully function, this is fraught for normal growth and development of all tissues and organs, and for pregnant women - normal development of the embryo.
Thus, the constant shortage of such a substance can lead to the formation of serious diseases, such as anemia, nervous disorders and depression, the development of atherosclerosis, as well as delayed puberty in girls and early menopause in women.
Many doctors recommend taking folic acid not only during pregnancy, when the fetus is directly formed, but also during its planning, preferably in 2-3 months.
The fact is that already in the first 14 days after conception, inside the mother's body, the processes of the formation of the brain and the nervous tube of the fetus are activated, that is, when the woman, in most cases, is not aware of her pregnancy.But even a short-term lack of such a vitamin in the first few weeks of pregnancy can lead to dire consequences, primarily to violations in the emerging nervous system of the fetus.
Defects in the development of the neural tube can lead to complete or partial absence of the brain, spina bifida or hernia formation in the fetus. But, you should know that this does not mean that the first thing to do is to run after the vial of wonder-vitamins and swallow them in quantities.
First of all, it is necessary to consult a doctor, be sure to conduct examinations, and after that, following the recommendations of the doctor, make some decision.
Remember that self-medication can harm you and your unborn baby.
This substance is recommended to be taken at a specific dosage: in the normal state, the daily dosage of this vitamin is 50-70 mcg, while during pregnancy the need may increase several times, up to 400 mcg per day. Also, the dosage may depend on age, the amount of adolescents and children may decrease.
Also, for therapeutic purposes, the dose may be increased to 5 mg per day, however, the duration of treatment in such cases is reduced to one month.Typically, such high doses are prescribed during pregnancy planning, especially for women who are directly confronted with the birth of children with various developmental disabilities.
Also, scientists have proven that folic acid is involved not only in the process of fetus formation, but also contributes to the normal development of the placenta, and also significantly increases the chances of normal childbearing, the risk of premature birth is minimized.
It is important to know that this substance must be taken during breastfeeding, because this vitamin is passed from mother to baby’s milk, and its deficiency can lead to a delay in psychomotor development, development of anemia, disruption of the intestines and reduced immunity.
In addition, folic acid is not just called "vitamin of good mood", because it contributes to the continuous formation of the hormones of "happiness" in the body, which elevate mood, help to overcome depression, including post-birth ones, contributes to the overall tone of the body.
You should also know that folic acid is useful not only for women, but also for men, especially if the couple is planning to have a child in the near future.The fact is that its compounds affect the quality of male sperm, which, in turn, can play a role in the formation of a healthy and strong baby.
Where to find folic acid?
It is useful to know that there are a number of products that can provide you with the daily rate of such a magical and very important vitamin. These include:
- Vegetables and greens with green leaves: spinach, green onions, dill, parsley, broccoli, white cabbage, green peas, asparagus, lentils, beans, soybeans, beets, tomatoes.
- Fruits: oranges, lemons, tangerines, peaches.
- Berries: raspberry, strawberry, watermelon.
- Wheat germ, rice and oatmeal, wholemeal flour and its products, brewer's yeast, buckwheat, millet, sunflower seeds, walnuts, natural kefir.
- Products of animal origin: cod liver, beef liver, pork and lamb, egg yolk, cheese, tuna, milk, cottage cheese.
Pregnant women may not have enough vitamin B9 in their products, so it can be taken in the form of drugs that are sold in pharmacies, usually they have the form of tablets.
The price of such drugs is quite low, domestic drugs are significantly inferior in price to imported ones, although there is not much difference in them.
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