Forgotten technique "Bargello", or the endless possibilities of Florentine embroidery

Posted by: Valenta

For the first time I saw this technique in one of my encyclopedias on embroidery. A few scant words about history and basic rules and features. According to these words, there was nothing special about this technique. Just one of the options for counting embroidery. But next to these scant words were photos. Something like this:

Since then, I just fell in love with this technique. Now this amazing technique from our embroiderers is somehow forgotten. Increasingly, masters of quilting, knitting and polymer clay are turning to bargello patterns. In jersey, the Bargello patterns owe their popularity to the home of Missoni, who in the middle of the 20th century “invented” his famous zig-zag. But the embroidery, in which these patterns were originally born, until, despite its simplicity of execution, is just beginning to win the hearts of the skilled workers.

For the title of homeland of this technology, two countries are fighting at once - this is, of course, Italy, as well as Hungary.According to one of the legends, this technique originated in Hungary and then it was allegedly brought to Florence. In any case, it was in Florence that this embroidery technique gained its special distribution and popularity. Even in the Renaissance, the Italian ladies of the court fell in love with the color of the fabrics decorated with this embroidery and began to use them to decorate the interior.

The classic pattern for bargello is “flame” - a pattern imitating fiery tongues. That is why this embroidery is often called "fiery." An additional similarity with fire gives this embroidery and characteristic stretching, when several shades or tones of the same color are used with the transition from light to dark or from pale to saturated. Sometimes sharp endings are replaced with smoother ones and the pattern becomes similar to the waves of the sea.

In these traditional Bargello patterns there is always one rule - all stitches in the same row should be the same size. Thus, having sewed the first row - the rest are sewn “according to the pattern” very quickly, as there is no need for the craftswoman to peep at the schemes.

Absolutely amazing effects can be achieved in the preparation of these "classic" patterns of squares. Here already in the execution, great care is required, since it is very easy to get down in the corners where the pattern pieces are joined.

Over time, this technique became a bit more complicated - drawings appeared in which the combination of different parts of the pattern became more difficult, sometimes stitches can go in different directions, the length of stitches in one row is not necessarily the same length. In modern embroidery, also traditional Florentine embroidery is often combined with other techniques of counting embroidery.

The possibilities of this technique are simply limitless, since, in its simplicity, it has an infinite number of embodiments due to various color combinations, pattern changes, pattern matching. Of course, and now, the main use of this embroidery is the decoration of interior items. The classics of this technique, from the time of the Renaissance - cushions.

And of course, their miniature brethren - needle cases:

Also a classic use of bargello embroidery is upholstery and bedspreads on chairs and stools.

But besides this, the bargello perfectly copes with any decorative tasks.It looks great both on lambrequins and trellis, and on covers for books, handbags and other accessories:

And finally, I would like to add some absolutely “cosmic” examples of this amazing magic embroidery technique.

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