Sinusitis in children: how to prevent complications
Causes and symptoms of sinusitis
With the apparent monotony of symptoms of sinusitis, expressed not only in the feeling of nasal congestion, purulent contents of the sinuses and headaches, the causes of this disease can be many. There are acute sinusitis and chronic. The first is especially common in children and can be the result of a runny nose, infectious and viral diseases. There is sinusitis and with a weakened immunity, when there are enlarged adenoids. In chronic form of sinusitis enters in the absence of timely treatment of acute inflammation.One of the characteristic signs of antritis in a child can be snoring at night, as well as an attempt to breathe through the mouth.
Complications after sinusitis
The most innocuous of them, if such a concept can be applied to the disease at all, is a change in the nasal mucosa, occurring against the background of a prolonged inflammatory process in the nasopharynx.As a result, it stops performing barrier functions for viruses and the child begins to get sick more often. In addition to infection of the maxillary sinuses, the infection can also penetrate the orbit and ears. Therefore, otitis is one of the satellites of sinusitis. A hearing loss on the background of this disease can, in principle, develop without symptoms and be detected only during the examination by a narrow specialist. But the most terrible consequences of sinusitis occur in cases where the infection penetrates the brain, causing meningitis and meningoencephalitis.It should also be remembered that difficulty breathing due to nasal congestion does not allow oxygen to enter the brain in the proper amount, which can contribute to developmental delays.
How to treat sinusitis in children and prevent its effects
Prevent complications can only be with complex treatment. An important part of it is washing the nasal sinuses from the accumulated mucus, which is the source of microbes. To do this, use both physiological solutions and ordinary sea water. Physiotherapeutic procedures are recommended for antritis, but only a doctor can decide whether they are appropriate.The younger the child, the more serious the approach to treatment, including hospitalization. Concomitant therapy is the administration of antibiotics, as well as drugs that reduce the swelling of the mucous membrane. The extreme measure, used in the absence of effectiveness of treatment, is a puncture of the sinuses, in which their contents are surgically removed, and drugs that block inflammation are introduced directly into its source.
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