Removal of moles and warts
Moles and warts: causes
Moles (nevi) can be both congenital and acquired. They are formed due to violations of the synthesis of melanin pigment in the layers of the skin or between them: cells overflowing with pigment (melanocytes) accumulate in a limited area. The appearance of congenital nevi is genetically determined, while acquired ones can appear for various reasons: excessive sun exposure, fluctuations in the level of hormones.
Newborn moles often do not occur at all, they begin to appear after the first year of life, and their maximum reaches an average of 25 years, after which it begins to decline.
Often moles are called such benign formations as keratomas (areas of growth of the stratum corneum of the epidermis, appearing mainly in the elderly), or papillomas (hanging moles) - hilly neoplasms on the pedicle, the appearance of which is caused by the human papilloma virus.It is difficult to distinguish papilloma from vascular nevus, a variety of moles, without the help of a specialist.
The same human papillomavirus is the cause of warts - benign formations that have the appearance of dense plaques or nodules. It usually takes from 1 to 5 months from the moment a virus is infected until the appearance of warts. According to experts, the human papillomavirus infected up to 80 percent of the world's population, but its external manifestations (warts, papillomas, genital warts) usually occur only with a decrease in immunity.
When do I need to remove moles?
Any mole can be removed, but in cases where a nevus is not injured, it is not an obvious cosmetic defect and does not change over the years, the doctor may advise to leave it alone.
Usually, moles that are constantly exposed to friction with clothing, the risk of injury when shaving or cutting, which cause doubts about good quality, and disfiguring appearance are subject to removal.
Independent removal of moles is absolutely unacceptable, as well as their removal in beauty salons that do not provide an opportunity to pre-consult with a doctor.Moles are removed only after being examined by an oncologist or oncodermatologist, especially if the mole began to cause discomfort (itching, aching, bleeding), its appearance changed (the mole changed color, shape, became uneven).
Changes in a mole may indicate its malignancy and degeneration into melanoma - an extremely dangerous rapidly developing type of cancer.
If you suspect the birthmark of a mole, the doctor will diagnose and select the appropriate method of removal.
Ways to get rid of moles and warts
The most common, albeit obsolete, method for removing moles is surgical. It is often used when you want to remove the formation of significant size or located in the deep layers of the skin. The surgical method involves not only removing moles, but also excision of surrounding tissues. At the same time, stitches are applied, and after surgery, undergoing local anesthesia, visible scars are often formed.
Small moles can be removed by cryodestruction - destruction by cold. In this case, the tissues of moles are destroyed with the help of liquid nitrogen, and then die off, forming a scab (crust). The crust soon comes off on its own, leaving a stretch of healthy skin.It is a painless method, but wound healing after cryodestruction takes almost a month, moreover, when exposed to low temperatures, it is difficult to control the depth of tissue processing. Because of this, burns are often healthy skin or incomplete removal of education, requiring a second procedure.
A method such as electrocoagulation is also used - a mole is destroyed under the influence of high frequency current. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, scars may remain after it.
Laser removal of tumors is considered the most effective method. It is a painless method that does not leave scars, eliminates bleeding and infection of the wound, but sometimes a pigment-free spot may form at the place of the mole. Skin regeneration after laser removal occurs faster than with other removal methods, and takes no more than two weeks.
Such a method of getting rid of nevi as a radio-knife is popular - instead of a scalpel, high-frequency radio waves are used. The operation is performed under local anesthesia. Radionozh is considered to be not only effective, but also a gentle method due to its high accuracy, which allows not to damage the surrounding tissues. After exposure to radio waves there are no scars and edemas.
Medical methods for removing warts are almost the same as methods for removing moles. In some cases, the doctor may recommend chemical removal of warts - cauterization with special preparations based on acids.
Sometimes people who, for whatever reason, do not go to a doctor, try to remove the warts using one of the many popular methods: smearing the juice of celandine, applying raw potatoes, flour pulp with vinegar and other dubious means. Most of these methods are not only ineffective, but can lead to wart infection, skin burns, and other unpleasant consequences. Even such an old and well-known remedy, as celandine, is more likely to cause burns and the appearance of scars than to relieve an unaesthetic growth.
Without consultation with a doctor, warts cannot be removed, moreover, since warts are a symptom of infection with the human papilloma virus, to get rid of them, complex treatment may be required - taking fortifying and antiviral drugs. In many cases, the warts go away on their own within one and a half to two years.
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