Papaya - where it grows, useful properties, calories, dishes

All about papaya

All about papaya

Where papaya grows



Papaya or "melon tree" is one of the most popular and common plants in the tropics. In terms of economic importance, it occupies one of the leading positions, since this culture successfully uses not only fruit, but fibrous very strong bark, from which ropes are made, and young loose wood, which in adult trees are absent, as they are hollow. Among the countries cultivating this fruit is India, where up to 4,000 tons per year and Brazil with a capacity of up to 2,000 tons per year are grown.

Papaya is one of the earliest in fruiting. In hot areas, some plant varieties begin to bloom at the age of three months. But at the same time, even with excellent care, the trees do not live more than five years. However, since the highest yield comes only at this time, fragility does not play any role.


Useful properties of papaya



With regular use of this fruit, forces are restored, wounds and burns heal faster, the mood improves, the body comes to tone, its protective properties against colds, as well as cancer diseases increase. In addition, papaya is very useful for vitamin deficiency, hernia and pregnancy (this is similar to persimmon and figs).

Unripe fruits contain a large amount of papain - an enzyme that perfectly breaks down proteins, contributes to the digestion of starch and fats. According to its physiological effect, this enzyme is similar to gastric juice, due to which papaya fruits are used as a dietary product that promotes digestion. It is also used to soften hard meats. To do this, add small pieces of fruit to roast, and if such meat is wrapped in papaya leaves, after a couple of hours it becomes soft.

Papain also has anti-inflammatory and bactericidal action, and therefore, it is used for the manufacture of medicines, such as creams for the treatment of various dental diseases. Tableted it is used in diseases of the digestive system such as gastritis and in the form of blood anticoagulant in the treatment of thrombosis.This enzyme is also spread in cosmetology in ointments to remove freckles, and with the help of keratin, also obtained from papaya, remove unwanted hair on the body.

Papaya juice is treated with herpes and spine diseases, as it contains an enzyme that helps restore connective tissue in the intervertebral discs. Milky juice, extracted from unripe fruits, is effective as a vermifuge, with eczema and treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.


Composition and calorie papaya



Papaya is rich in vitamins, micro and macronutrients. It contains vitamin B1, B2, B5, B6, E, K, PP, ascorbic and folic acids, as well as potassium, calcium, magnesium, chlorine, sodium, fluorine, iron. An average of 100 grams. the product accounts for 39 kcal, which indicates low-calorie fruit, while it perfectly satisfies hunger and gives a feeling of saturation.


Useful properties of papaya

Useful properties of papaya

How to eat papaya



When choosing a papaya should be considered so that it is smooth, elastic, but also quite soft, yellow. Fruits, as a rule, are not ripe for sale, they can be stored in the refrigerator for several weeks, and their temperature increases for ripening.

Papaya is used both fresh and cooked from it a variety of dishes. In countries where this fruit is distributed, it is used as a full breakfast. If the fruit is very ripe, then it is better to cook sweet desserts from it. By taste, papaya is very similar to melon, but its flavor is not melon, but ripe raspberries.

Before eating, papaya should be cut along, remove the seeds with a spoon and peel. Next, cut the pulp into slices or pieces. The kernels are edible and have a pleasant peppery flavor. They are used for cooking dressings, and also added to salads.


Papaya dishes



The dishes that are prepared from papaya are huge, such as desserts, soups, salads, main dishes, drinks and much more. We suggest trying this fruit as a dessert or making a salad with it.

Papaya in hot caramel

This dessert is very common in the east. Serve it, as a rule, with pancakes and pancakes. For its preparation will require:

  • papaya - 1 piece;
  • sugar - 100 g;
  • water - 100 ml;
  • roasted sesame - to taste.

Sugar poured into a container without a Teflon coating and pour water.Syrup should be boiled until thick and light brown. Peel papaya, cut into pieces and add to caramel. Serve dessert should immediately, hot, sprinkled with sesame seeds.

Papaya, Avocado and Ham Salad

To prepare the salad you need:

  • large papaya - 1 pc;
  • avocado - 2 pcs;
  • leaf lettuce - 120 gr;
  • ham;
  • olive oil;
  • some white wine vinegar.

Avocado and papaya cleaned and cut into cubes, lettuce leaves torn, ham also cut into small pieces. Ingredients combine together, season with olive oil and vinegar, mix and enjoy an unusual and exquisite taste.

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