Orchids - mysterious and beautiful
Orchid - a truly extraordinary flower, a variety of its species, the most unusual and sometimes even mysterious forms, delight even the most sophisticated florists. It is not surprising that since time immemorial, many myths and legends have been associated with the orchid and its origin, the plausibility of which can only be surmised.
Scientists have established that Japan and China are the birthplace of such a wondrous flower, where it appeared about 3-4 thousand years ago. In Europe, the orchid was imported relatively recently, only some 200 years ago, but during this time she managed to acquire a large number of varieties and to fall in love with the majority of florists.
As beautiful as the flower itself, a legend, orchids all over the world are fragments of rainbow rain, which struck the Earth many centuries ago. According to another legend, an orchid is a goddess who is still immersed in the eternal search of her beloved Archi, expelled from the world of the gods for forbidden love for her.
Upon learning of this, she turned into a forest flower, which always wanders around the world in search of it. Whatever it may be, a mysterious and beautiful orchid is of particular interest to any flower lover, because to grow and make such a beautiful flower bloom on its own window sill is not an easy task.
But, in order not to say there, if you learn how to create living conditions close to real, then such a whimsical, at first glance, plant will quickly gladden its owner with a vibrant and bright bloom.
Many are interested in the question of how to properly care for homemade orchids, because such a little flower to buy in the store, bring it home, put it on the shelf and remember to water it once a week.
In fact, if you are a beginner florist, then it is better to purchase such a houseplant in specialized nurseries, where you can get all the interesting information about a particular variety, you will be told about its preferences and standards of care.
If there is no such possibility, an ordinary flower shop will do as well, though, there you need to be more careful: it is better to buy a flowering plant, so you can choose a color, and you will know for sure that the flower is healthy.
Pay attention to the leaves and roots, if they are visible, of course, they should be dense, fleshy, bright, without yellow spots and dry tips.
Before giving your preference in favor of one species or another, consider the conditions that prevail in your home, as not every orchid is able to live and bloom at too low or too high temperatures, bright or too dark light.
The most unpretentious and grateful for home-growing are two main species: Phalaenopsis and Dendrobium. They are usually pleased with their long flowering for 1-2 months, and, under favorable conditions, several times a year.
When the flower is brought home, it is better to put it for a few days in a shady room with good ventilation, so the orchid is easier to tolerate acclimatization. After 2-3 days it can be rearranged to a permanent place in the room.
Basic Room Orchid Care
You should know that each specific variety and type of such a flower has its own peculiarities of care, which can vary quite strongly. One of the most important aspects of the normal life of an orchid is proper lighting, which must be carried out according to special rules.
Most of these plants do not like direct and bright sunlight, the most ideal option is a large amount of diffused sunlight. To do this, orchids are usually placed on the western or eastern window sills, or on surfaces that are somewhat removed from direct light sources.
If you just can not understand why your pet does not bloom, then it is quite possible that the whole thing is in insufficient lighting.
The fact is that a normal daylight hours for an orchid should be from 10 to 12 hours, but no less. If in your climatic conditions its duration is less, then it must be lengthened artificially with the help of luminaires with fluorescent lamps.
Particular attention should be paid to the spring period, when after winter the lighting becomes brighter and richer, it is better to darken the glass with plastic or dark film. Thus, the plant gradually adapts and does not risk getting burned leaves or shoots.
Compliance with temperature
Another important point is the observance of the correct temperatures: for most popular indoor species, day and summer temperatures around + 18 ° + 27 ° are considered cozy, and winter and evening are + 13 ° + 24 °.
It is very important to observe the daily temperature drop - from day to evening it should be no more than 5 °. If your apartment is connected to centralized heating, then try to carry the orchid overnight to a cooler balcony or loggia. Such a procedure can contribute to the forcing of a new flower stalk.
Watering and moisture
Again, each variety of such a flower requires special conditions for irrigation and humidity, but there are common features for everyone: they do not like stagnant moisture and the effects of mineral salts, since they are never found in water in nature.
Most species, such as phalaenopsis or cymbidium, prefer that the ground is always slightly wet, but not damp! However, there are other varieties that need to be watered only when the ground is completely dry.
Watering should be carried out with soft water, best to melt or rain water, if this is not available, suitable and boiled tap. Usually an orchid that is planted in a pot is watered from above, and the specimens in baskets or blocks are dipped in water for a few minutes.
The ideal humidity for such plants is 60-80%, and this means that in hot weather, orchids will be grateful to you for processing the leaves and flowers from a spray bottle.
Soil and fertilizer
For beginning gardeners, it is best to use the soil, which is sold in the form of soil mixes in specialized stores. Usually it should be written on the package - for “Phalaenopsis” or “for Dendrobium”.
Most often such mixtures include a combination of bark, coal, moss, natural fibers, coarse sand and other components that usually do not contain garden soil at all. As for fertilizer, the orchid constantly needs nutritional supplements, which are best purchased in stores specifically for this variety.
Feed usually, no more than once every three weeks, and in the cold period and not fertilize. The feeding cycle must be resumed after the orchid has bloomed.
Pests and diseases
Most often, the disease or some pests in such a flower occur only in the case of improper care. If you noted that your pet has a sluggish appearance and flabby leaves, then it is possible that the root system is damaged or the temperature regime is not observed.
If the leaves began to dry and rot, then the cause of this problem can be soft-bitten mites that live in the middle of the rosettes.In this case, the favorite plant can be saved with the help of acaricidal drugs.
Another well-known pest is a spider mite, due to its vital activity, a silvery spider web forms on the underside of the leaves. First aid, again, acaricidal drugs.
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