How to recognize bronchitis
An acute form of bronchitis usually occurs on the background of diseases such as the common cold, flu, and measles. A weakened body is unable to resist bacteria and viruses (pneumococci, streptococci) that fall on the bronchial mucosa, as a result of which it becomes inflamed. The main symptom of the acute form of bronchitis is cough. In the initial stage of the disease, it may be dry. It is especially hard to be tolerated at night when it becomes very strong and intrusive. Occasionally, there may be strong coughing attacks that are very difficult to stop. After a few days, the cough may become wet, usually it is much easier for the patient to endure. A characteristic feature of this period is the expectoration of sputum. This indicates the presence of bacteria in the bronchi. As a rule, the disease is accompanied by an elevated temperature: from 38 ° C to 40 ° C.
Also, an acute form of bronchitis can occur as an independent disease. It can be caused by an infection that has entered a weakened body.The temperature in this case may rise slightly. As a rule, the patient feels constant fatigue and weakness with a concomitant headache. A cough is usually wet.
Chronic bronchitis usually develops with long smoking, constant inhalation of dust and toxic substances, frequent hypothermia and inhalation of cold air, with stagnation of blood in the lungs caused by various heart diseases, as well as with constant physical exertion and exhaustion. The main symptom of chronic bronchitis is a cough that lasts for a long time. As a rule, such a cough is aggravated in the morning and is accompanied by a slight sputum discharge. If the disease goes into a more severe stage, the cough begins to bother the patient at another time of the day, and becomes especially pronounced and painful in winter and autumn. With the illness of the flu or cold, chronic bronchitis becomes aggravated and is accompanied by constant weakness, increased sputum waste. Also, a characteristic feature in such a period is the appearance of shortness of breath when inhaling cold air or when the patient becomes physically stressed.
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