How to give first aid to the victim

You will need
  • - Aseptic dressing;
  • - clean cloth;
  • - tires;
  • - tow;
  • - hot tea;
  • - painkillers;
  • - alcohol;
  • - hydrogen peroxide 3%;
  • - manganic acid potassium;
  • - brilliant green.
Instruction
Then you should carefully remove the burning clothes from the victim. If all this happens in the cold season, you should not undress it completely - a shock may develop.
Cover the burned surface with an aseptic dressing to prevent wound infection. In the absence of special tools, use a clean cotton cloth, which should be ironed with a hot iron.
Do not touch the wound with your hands, do not pierce the bubbles, do not tear off the adhering pieces of fabric, do not grease with any fat or sprinkle with powders.
The victim, wrapped in a sheet, should be placed in the position causing the least suffering on a blanket or tarpaulin, on which it can be moved.Arrange for immediate delivery to a medical facility.
Limb fractures rank first in injury statistics. Pre-medicalhelpfor fractures, it is practically the beginning of their treatment, since it is necessary to prevent such complications as bleeding, shock, additional debris displacements, and infection.
The first thing to do with an open fracture is to prevent infection. For this, an aseptic dressing is applied.
It is important to prevent the displacement of bone fragments and injury to surrounding tissue. For this impose tires that can be both special and improvised - cardboard, planks, plywood, etc.
For durable immobilization of bones, it is better to use two tires, which are applied to the limb from two opposite sides. In addition, the tire must fix two joints at once - above and below the fracture site.
For the prevention of shock, the patient can be given a small amount of alcohol, hot coffee or tea, analgin or amidopyrin. It should also be warmly sheltered and quickly delivered to the hospital.
Firsthelpwith lacerated wounds.Torn wounds have a complex shape with torn edges, often damaged muscles, blood vessels, tendons, possible flaking of skin patches. Such wounds are heavily infected with pieces of tissue, pieces of earth, and animal saliva.
The first measures are directed to stop the bleeding in any way - with a tourniquet, pressing of vessels, with a pressure bandage. Before applying an aseptic dressing, the wound edges should be treated with a disinfectant solution — a solution of hydrogen peroxide or brilliant green.
If the wound is contaminated, gently rinse with 3% hydrogen peroxide or a low-color manganese solution, then tie the wound.
In the event that arterial bleeding is present, apply a tourniquet above the wound and attach a note indicating the time of the overlay. The victim must be given "Analgin" or "Pentalgin" and taken to a medical facility.


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