How to care for garden trees in the fall
- Pruning garden trees
- Whitewashing trees
- Protection against pests and rodents
- Top dressing
- Watering trees
Pruning garden trees
When all the foliage of opal and prior to the beginning of the first frost pruning garden trees. First, all dry, diseased and damaged branches are removed, then those that create thickening grow into the crown and prevent harvesting.
If the trees have not been pruned for many years, then pruning is done in several stages. Too active pruning can lead to the death of the tree.
One-year saplings do not prune. Trees begin to prune 2-3 years after planting to form a crown.
Be sure to remove greasy, not fruiting shoots with large leaves that interfere with the growth of the tree and take nutrients.
After pruning, all branches are treated with garden pitch, which must be applied after each removal of the shoots. Garden var is prepared from 200 g of beeswax, 100 g of rosin and 100 g of unsalted fat.Before use, the warms are heated.
In the absence of war, it can be replaced with clay or paint.
Whitewashing trees in the fall helps not only fight pests, protects against diseases and sunlight, and also saves the tree from severe frosts and temperature drops.
Young trees are better to be whitened with chalk and to cover not only the trunk, but also skeletal branches.
Before whitewashing, trees are cleared of moss and lichen, they remove the old bark with their hands. The thickness of the whitewash should be at least 2-3 mm. The solution for whitewashing can be bought at the store or prepared by yourself. The solution consists of 10 liters of water, 2 kg of lime and 200 g of copper sulfate. You can add 1 kg of clay and straw for density. It turns out clay mash, which will persist for a long time on the tree.
Protection against pests and rodents
In the garden must be removed fallen leaves and fruits. They clean trees from old bark, which may contain nests and larvae of pests. Around the trees do deep digging of the soil.
All trees are sprayed with a 5% solution of urea and insecticides, against aphids, silkworms and leafworms.
For the prevention of diseases will help spraying drugs that contain copper.
To protect against rodents use protective nets, roofing felt, spruce or pine branches.Under the ruberoid it is necessary to put a cloth or burlap to avoid overheating of the tree. Such a wrap will help the trees survive the winter frosts.
Top dressing in the fall strengthens the trees and helps to survive the cold. Fertilizers are applied in October and deeply dig the soil.
Fruit trees in the fall need potash-phosphate fertilizers. It is necessary to add 300 g of superphosphate and potassium sulfate under each tree. It is better to apply these fertilizers in liquid form, as the roots are assimilated faster.
It is also necessary to add humus, young trees need about 30 kg, adults - 50 kg.
The use of complex mineral fertilizers facilitates the care of trees. Certain types of such fertilizers are specifically designed for autumn dressings and contain the necessary amount of vitamins and trace elements.
Watering trees in the fall is only necessary if there was little rain in the summer. Excessive moisture can lead to excessive growth of branches, cracks in the bark and reduce the resistance to frost.
In other cases, the last watering is made no later than October and is at least 4 buckets per 1 sq.m.
After watering, digging and loosening is done.
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