How can I become a blood donor?
If you want to help people, but do not know how to do it, donate blood, so you can save someone's life! But how can this be done? You will learn more about blood donation from this article.
Who can be a donor?
Any person can become a donor, if he is suitable for the parameters and is healthy. But what are the requirements? The first is age. According to the current legislation, donors can only be persons over 18 and under 60. The second important requirement is weight, which must be at least 50 kilograms.
Are there any contraindications?
There are absolute contraindications to donation and temporary.
By absolute concern such as HIV or AIDS, all forms of tuberculosis, viral hepatitis B and C, tularemia, leprosy, typhus, brucellosis, trypanosomiasis, toxoplasmosis, hydatid disease, guinea worm, filariasis, leishmaniasis, blood disorders, cancer, lack of speech or hearing , organic lesions of the central nervous system, alcoholism or drug addiction,serious psychological illnesses, hypertension, atherosclerosis, ischemia, myocarditis, heart defects, endocarditis, asthma, pulmonary emphysema, obstructive bronchitis, achiliac gastritis, chronic liver diseases, duodenal or gastric ulcers, radiation sickness, cirrhosis of the liver, levers, anesthetic , trachoma, high myopia, blindness, some skin diseases (eczema, psoriasis, erythroderma), lupus, purulent inflammations of the upper respiratory tract, osteomyelitis, fungal lesions, tissue transplantation or organ resection.
- surgical interventions (contraindications remain for six months after surgery);
- menstruation (5-7 days);
- acupuncture or tattooing (year);
- childbirth (year);
- blood transfusion (6 months);
- foreign business trips lasting more than two months (the period of withdrawal from donation is six months);
- contact with patients with hepatitis A (3 months), B and C (year);
- stay in the countries of Africa, South and Central America and Asia, endemic for malaria (three years);
- influenza, ARVI, sore throat (month);
- postponed malaria (three years);
- postponed typhoid fever (year);
- other previous infectious diseases that are not related to absolute contraindications (six months);
- tooth extraction (ten days);
- exacerbation of allergies (two months from the time of relief of symptoms);
- vegetative-vascular dystonia (month);
- breastfeeding (three months after completion);
- vaccinated with dead vaccines (10 days);
- Immunoglobulin administration (year);
- live vaccine vaccines (month);
- rabies vaccination (two weeks);
- changes in blood counts (three months after normalization);
- take alcohol (48 hours);
- taking antibiotics (two weeks);
- taking analgesics or drugs-salicylates (three days).
What to do?
How to become a blood donor? For this you need to come to the blood center, it is in every major city. Just find out his address and work time to arrive on the reception day.
When you first appeal, you need to have a citizen's document with you, that is, a passport (a man should also take a military ID). You will be checked through the database of the Single Donor Center. After that, you will need to undergo a simple examination (it will include measurement of temperature and blood pressure, as well as an examination by a therapist) and donate blood.
It is worth noting that if you came to the center for the first time, or more than 6 months passed since the last delivery, you can donate only after all the necessary blood tests: clinical, biochemical, and also some viral infections (syphilis, HIV, hepatitis) .
When the results are ready (usually it takes from one to several days), you can become a full-fledged donor. To do this, you will need to come to the blood center, get your donor card (it will automatically start when you first apply) and proceed to the treatment room.
For the first time, all donors donate blood only. The delivery of its individual components (erythrocytes, plasma) is possible in agreement with the doctor.
Do I need to prepare for delivery? If you donate blood, and not its components, then there are no strict rules, as such. Yet it is better to follow certain recommendations.
- The day before donation, refuse fatty and heavy foods, smoked meats and dairy products.
- At breakfast, before serving you can drink sweet tea with breadcrumbs, bread, dryers, cereal or fruit.
- An hour before delivery, quit smoking.
- Just before serving, have a cup of sweet tea.
- It is best to carry out donation before 12 pm, that is, in the morning.
- Do not donate blood after a sleepless night or heavy loads.
- Do not plan on donating before an important event.
- Take a rest 15-20 minutes.
- Within an hour it is worth refraining from smoking.
- If you feel unwell, contact your blood center.
- Remove the bandage is not recommended for three to four hours.
- During the day do not subject yourself to heavy loads.
- It is advisable not to drink alcohol the next day.
- Drink more.
- Do not drive for two or three hours after donation.
- Do any vaccinations should be no earlier than ten days.
Many are interested in the question of whether it is possible to give blood often. No, the number of donations is limited. So, a man can donate blood no more than 5 times a year, and a woman no more than 4 times.
How much is the donor paid? Everything will depend on whether the donation is carried out: free of charge or for a fee. But in the first case, the donor will not be left with nothing. He will receive cash compensation for full-value meals on the day of delivery, and its amount is about 500-700 rubles (it depends on the region of residence and the specific center).
Also, on the day of the donation, a person may be released from work or service with preservation of earnings (or use this day during the holiday).
If you decide to donate blood for a fee, then for every 100 ml you will receive about 110-150 rubles. And for one plasmapheresis you will be paid about 500-550 rubles.
For those who donate a volume of blood twice the maximum, for the year, benefits are provided: a supplement to the scholarship of 25% for half a year (for students); also providing multivitamin or iron supplements.
Honorary blood donation
Becoming an honorary donor is not as easy as it may seem at first glance. For this you need to donate blood more than 40 times or plasma more than 60 times. And such persons receive benefits for medicines, travel, the manufacture of dentures, utilities (50%), loans for housing construction. Also they are provided with paid holidays and resort vouchers.
Make up your mind, become a donor and help people!
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