Atresia of the esophagus: symptoms and treatment

Symptoms of atresia


The main clinical symptoms occur immediately after the birth of the baby. He begins to suffer from bouts of cyanosis, possibly apnea due to the fact that mucus accumulates in the pharynx, and foamy discharges start to come out of his mouth. When feeding, signs of respiratory failure are greatly enhanced. The baby listened to a bubbling breath, wheezing, shortness of breath increases. Aspiration into the lungs of milk provokes the appearance of signs of pneumonia.


Diagnosis of esophageal atresia


Diagnosis of atresia is sensing the esophagus. In atresia, the catheter is stuck in the blind end of the esophagus. If air supply is carried out, the child begins to choke more strongly.


To make an accurate diagnosis, the baby is given an x-ray with the introduction of a catheter. The presence of a gas bubble directly in the stomach directly indicates the connection between the lower segment of the esophagus and the trachea.In the form of esophageal atresia without fistulas, the gas bag in the stomach is not translucent.


Atresia treatment methods


Treatment atresia only surgical. The method of surgery depends on the form of esophageal atresia. The best results are achieved when performing a direct anastomosis end to end. In the presence of a large number of fistulas, other congenital malformations, the prognosis for atresia is not the most favorable.




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